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Young, Kathleen McCarthy, and Gaea Leinhardt. “Writing from Primary Documents: A Way of Knowing in History.” Written Communication 15(1) (1998): 25-68.


Examines the potential of the Advanced Placement Document-Based Question as constructed and presented by an exemplary teacher to engage students in historical reasoning and writing. Analyzes how five students responded to four document-based questions over a year, tracing how organization, document use, and citation language indicate how writers transformed and integrated information in disciplinary ways.