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Rouet, Jean-François, Monik Favart, M. Anne Britt, and Charles A. Perfetti. “Studying and Using Multiple Documents in History: Effects of Discipline Expertise.” Cognition and Instruction 15(1) (1997): 85-106.


Examined the influence of college students' expertise on use of multiple documents about a historical controversy. Found that strategies did not differ significantly across the groups of expert and non-expert students. However, evaluation of usefulness varied as a function of document type and students' expertise. Furthermore, novices and experts differed in how they expressed and supported their opinions.