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Fournier, Janice E., and Samuel S. Wineburg. “Picturing the Past: Gender Differences in the Depiction of Historical Figures.” American Journal of Education 105(2) (1997): 160-85. 


Explores how fifth- and eighth-grade schoolchildren picture the past by asking them to project themselves into historical roles and to illustrate specific historical figures. Results reveal boys and girls differed across task and historical role as well as in their depictions. Discusses what these findings say regarding students' beliefs about history and the curricular implications.