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VanSledright, Bruce A., and Christine Kelly. “Reading American History: The Influence of Multiple Sources on Six Fifth Graders.” Elementary School Journal 98(3) (1998): 239-65.


Examined effects of using textbook alternatives on six fifth graders' experiences learning about American history. Found that students preferred alternative texts. Using multiple sources raised no questions for students about validity and reliability of evidence. Students used an information-quantity criterion to judge validity of evidence. Three students showed emerging signs of advanced historical thinking.