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General Instructional Resources for Teaching Canadian History

ArcGIS Online
ArcGIS is a world class, integrated collection of GIS software products that provides a standards-based platform for spatial analysis, data management and mapping. Discover all things Canadian by exploring ArcGIS Online. Here are a few highlights:
Archives of Ontario: Educational Programming
The Archives of Ontario brings education to life with resources and online lesson plans. They also offer several travelling exhibits free of charge.
Azrieli Series of Holocaust Survivor Memoirs
Since 2005 the not-for-profit Azrieli Foundation has been collecting and publishing the written first-person memoirs of Holocaust survivors who made their way to Canada. With a focus on education about tolerance and diversity, the program distributes print editions of the memoirs free of charge to libraries, schools and Holocaust-education programs across Canada.
BC Field Trip Fair for Teachers
This website contains a searchable listing of more than 250 individual field trip programs offered by over 80 organizations in the Lower Mainland, Fraser Valley and across British Columbia, including all the information a teacher requires to plan a field trip such as program information and transportation options.
Begbie Canadian History Contest
The Begbie Contest Society is a nonprofit society run on a volunteer basis by retired high school teachers. The society’s main goals are to promote Canadian history, to challenge students to think critically about historical problems, and to make available a wide variety of interesting primary sources. The society produced an annual Canadian history contest for secondary students which was designed to test critical thinking, and awarded cash prizes, medallions, and certificates of participation. It held its final contest in 2013, but continues to provide resources on Canadian history on its website.

The following resources by Charles and Cynthia Hou of the Begbie Contest Society are helpful for teachers of Canadian history, and are available through the Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2) website at
Great Canadian Political Cartoons, 1820 to 1914
The cartoons in this collection trace Canada’s political, economic, and social evolution from 1820 up to the outbreak of World War 1. They cover many topics from colonialism and growing independence to immigration, regionalism, trade and foreign affairs. A detailed index provides a listing of political cartoons for specific historical topics.
Price $40 .
Great Canadian Political Cartoons, 1915 to 1945
This collection of primary historical documents contains 350 cartoons selected from a broad range of newspapers published in Canada between 1915 and 1945. These newspapers and their cartoonists represent a wide range of political and social perspectives on the regional and national issues of their day. Each cartoon includes a brief explanation of its context. A detailed index provides a listing of political cartoons for specific historical topics. Price $40.
The Art of Decoding Political Cartoons: A Teacher’s Guide
Designed to accompany the collections of Canadian political cartoons, this guide explains how to incorporate these primary historical sources into social studies and history programs. It contains detailed instructions on teaching the critical thinking skills students need to appreciate and understand cartoons, and describes the visual and literary devices used. Price $18.
The Begbie Contest Society: The First Ten Years
This publication contains over 400 carefully selected primary sources of various types which reflect multiple points of view and enable students to practise critical thinking skills. A detailed index facilitates the location of specific primary sources. It includes 300 multiple choice and short answer questions, and ten detailed collections of primary sources on the following topics:
o the suppression of the potlatch in 1884
o the Komagata Maru incident of 1914
o the struggle for women’s suffrage from 1893 to 1916
o the controversy over Prohibition in 1916
o the fight to rename Berlin, Ontario, to Kitchener in 1916
o the issuing of bilingual currency in 1936
o Jewish immigration prior to the Second World War
o the beginning of the Cold War in 1945
o the decision to cancel the Avro Arrow project in 1959
o the flag debate of 1964
Price: $45.
The Begbie Canadian History Contest: Years Eleven to Fifteen
This publication contains nearly 200 additional primary sources which enable students to practice critical thinking skills. It includes 150 multiple choice and short answer questions, and five detailed collections of primary sources on the following topics:
o the “crucified Canadian” of the First World War
o the failure of Prohibition
o the controversy over bathing suit fashions from 1932 to 1936
o the Amchitka nuclear blast of 1971
o the use of legislation to end discrimination following the Second World War
A cumulative index facilitates the location of specific primary sources in both this publication and The Begbie Canadian History Contest: The First Ten Years. Price: $35.
The Big Six Historical Thinking Concepts
The Big Six Historical Thinking Concepts (Nelson Education Ltd., 2013) by Peter Seixas and Tom Morton is described as “a welcome blend of theory and practice that will be of great service to history teachers while also making history more accessible and thus more educationally rewarding for students” (from the foreword by Ken Osborne).
Black History Canada
African-American Carter G. Woodson conceived the idea of having a time set aside devoted to the African, and African-American history that Blacks were learning on their own. He chose the week in February that contained the birthdates of two people he credited with bringing about the end of American slavery, President Abraham Lincoln and Black abolitionist, Frederick Douglass, which he called Negro History Week in 1926. The celebration expanded and over time became known as Black History Month. This Historica website contains links to various resources.
The Campbell House Story
Educational resources were developed to accompany this production of the history of an historic Toronto home.
Canada in the Making
This bilingual website focuses on three themes in Canada’s history: Constitutional History, Aboriginals: Treaties and Relations, and Pioneers and Immigrants, as told through the words of the men and women who shaped the nation. The website is built around government documents from the Early Canadiana Online collection, and integrates narrative text with links to primary source texts, images, and maps. The website includes links to over 300 digitized documents, summaries of over 250 key historical documents, more than 175 historical images and maps, and links to reliable sources of historical information. The Teachers’ Resources section includes a variety of Lessons, Essays, Fun Activities and Tests/Quizzes for use with the Canada in the Making site. Each structured lesson and activity includes a student worksheet, suggested assessment criteria, and links to useful resources, and is linked to provincial curriculum expectations, outcomes and objectives. Age-appropriateness is identified, as grades and levels vary between provinces.
Canada's History
Educational materials from Canada's History which includes Lesson Plans, Classroom Resources, New Research, and other teaching resources. 

Canada's Sports Hall of Fame
This site includes an archive of digital images, artefacts and videos for students and teachers. There are also lesson plans for elementary and secondary classes and interactive games.
Canadian Children's Book Centre Teachers' Book Bank
This database of Canadian historical fiction and non-fiction books is brought to you by the Canadian Children's Book Centre with Historica Canada, and funded by the Government of Canada. These titles may be used by teachers to introduce topics and themes in Canadian history and by students carrying out research projects. Many of the books also offer opportunities for cross-curricular connections in language arts, geography, the arts, science and other subjects. In most cases, publishers have indicated specific grade levels and age ranges to guide selection. For lesson plans to go with these books, visit Historica Canada's Canadian Encyclopedia
Canadian Historical Picture Books as Purveyors of Canadian History and National Identity
This is part of a Master's thesis compiled by Marilynne V. Black useful for teaching Canadian history in elementary grades.
Canadian Letters and Images Project
This project began in 2000 as a means of making available to the public materials relating to Canada’s war experience. This is an ongoing educational resource freely available to all Canadians. The objective of the project is to let Canadians tell their own story in their own words and images by creating a permanent online archive which preserves Canada's wartime correspondence, photographs, and other personal materials, from the battlefront and from the home front from any period of Canada’s past. The letters are personal accounts of war that provide a unique perspective to reconstruct and to understand the Canadian war experience.
CBC Digital Archives
The CBC/Radio-Canada Digital Archives website project was founded to inform, enlighten and educate Canadians about their past by collecting thousands of CBC radio and television clips from the past seven decades and organizing them into hundreds of topics that can be viewed or listened to on the website. The For Teachers section of the website includes a variety of free materials including Introductory Activities, Assignments, WebQuests and Projects that are designed to complement many of the topics posted on the website, and have been separately designed for Grades 6-8, Grades 9-10, and Grades 11-12. The For Teachers section also includes an Assessment Suite of downloadable, printable assessment pages and rubrics designed to assist teachers and their students as they work with the materials presented.
Center for Canadian-American Studies at Western Washington University
Selected resources (in progress) compiled by Tina Storer, Education and Curriculum Specialist, at the Center for Canadian-American Studies at Western Washington University. Resources are for teaching Canadian history in US classrooms.
Commission de toponymie of Québec
The Commission de toponymie of Québec is the public body responsible for managing Québec place names: names of natural geographical features (lakes, rivers, mountains, islands, peninsulas, etc.) and constructed ones (dams, embankments, bridges, etc.); and names of administrative units (wildlife sanctuaries, administrative regions, conservation parks, etc.), inhabited areas (cities and towns, village municipalities, Indian reserves, northern village municipalities, etc.) and roadways (streets, roads, boulevards, range roads, etc.).
Connect Charter School: Grade 7 Historical Inquiry Unit
This video was developed by David Scott, Jody Pereverzoff and Chris Dittmann from Connect Charter School (formally Calgary Science School) on a historical inquiry unit with their 100 grade 7 students in Calgary, Alberta. They were interested in exploring the question,“How can we help people learn more about historically significant events in Canada’s past in a way that will be both interesting and also show the relevance of history to their lives?” As a culminating activity for this unit, Dr. Jennifer Pettit and Dr. Joe Anderson from the Humanities Department at Mount Royal University hosted a history symposium and showcase for the grade 7 students.
Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2)
TC² is an internationally renowned, non-profit association of education professionals committed to promoting critical thinking from primary to post-secondary education through professional development, publications and research. The website includes Teaching and professional learning resources.

The following Critical Challenges are available on the THEN/HiER website: is an audiovisual educational resource designed to inform and teach Canadian students about important current events and themes in Canada and the world. It is a subscription service prepared by a team of CBC news specialists and has been designed by teachers as an effective learning tool for subjects including Canadian studies, world studies, history, social science and media literacy. Each segment is crafted to give students and teachers a timely and concise examination of Canadian and world issues. Footage from CBC’s archives helps provide historical context. 
Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
Online biography of people who have shaped Canadian history from the year 1,000 to today.
Esri Canada
Since 1995 Esri Canada has been involved in the promotion of teaching and facilitating geographic information system (GIS) education in K-12 and  post-secondary institutions across Canada. It has many lessons using GIS that are directly connected to Canada's history curriculum including, but not limited to:
- Mapping Canadian Confederation
- The War of 1812
- Analyzing World War II
- Canada's Historic Railways.
The lessons seek to engage students through inquiry-based learning, encourage critical thinking skills and foster creativity in the classroom. See more on the website and search under History as a Subject Area.
Explorica: Canadian History Tours for Educators and Students
As the leader in Canadian History tours, Explorica’s exclusive educational and immersive itineraries are designed to enrich curriculum, and teach valuable lessons about the events that helped shape our nation.
Far West: The Story of British Columbia
Far West: The Story of British Columbia: Teacher’s Guide
Under a Ministry of Education BC150 initiative, each elementary and middle school in British Columbia was presented with two copies of the book, Far West: The Story of British Columbia. This resource is also available in html format at, under Resources for Students and Teachers. The Teacher’s Guide contains two or more non-sequential activities based on each chapter. The activities have been developed for Grades 4 through 9 inclusive and include an overall Learning Objective, a sampling of relevant Prescribed Learning Outcomes in Social Studies, English Language Arts and Fine Arts. It also includes a Suggested Procedure for each activity, a Suggested Timeframe, and Suggestions for Assessment which involve the teacher and students setting the criteria at the onset of any student activity to encourage students to develop ownership of their learning. References to the BC Ministry of Education Integrated Resource Packages and Performance Standards are often included.
Framing Canada: A Photographic Memory
This website includes a searchable database of digitized photographic images from 1843 to the mid-20th century that tell the fascinating and ever-changing story of how Canadians see themselves and their world. The website also offers Photographic Collections, a history of Library and Archives Canada's photo collections, as well as the following thematic essays: Nation Building, The Canadian Mosaic, Portraiture, Aboriginal Peoples, Amateur Photography, Photojournalism, The Evolution of Photography, Commercial Photography, War and Conflict, and A Sense of Space. The website also includes educational resources for both teachers and students that provide guidance on decoding photographs, reading photographs and how to read specific photographs.
Gladstone Secondary School Social Studies Classes Videos
A THEN/HiER Small Projects Grant was used to support the project Exemplary History Teaching Video Using Historical Thinking Concepts to produce four videos filmed at Gladstone Secondary in Vancouver, BC to illustrate teaching using the historical thinking concepts of the Historical Thinking Project.
Graphic History Collective
The Graphic History Collective, part of The Graphic History Project - a collaborative effort of the GHC, renowned American historian Paul Buhle, and many artists, writers, educators, and activists -  has created a series of free online comic books available on its website.

Dreaming of What Might Be: The Knights of Labor in Canada 1880-1900
Portland’s Black Panthers
Suzanne Voilquin: Socialist Feminist
The Battle of Ballantyne Pier
Stick and Stay, They’re Bound to Pay: The Flint Strike in Comics
Bill Williamson: Hobo, Wobbly, Communist, On to Ottawa Trekker, Spanish Civil War Veteran, Photographer
A Brief, Accurate Graphic History of the Environmental Movement (Mostly in Canada)
An Entirely Different Kind of Labour Union: The Service, Office, and Retail Workers’ Union of Canada
The Days of Action: The Character of Class Struggle in 1990s Ontario
Coal Mountain: A Graphic Re-telling of the 1935 Corbin Miners’ Strike
Working on the Water, Fighting for the Land: Indigenous Labour on Burrard Inlet

Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History
The Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History project provides 12 bilingual instructional websites that focus on an unsolved mystery based on a different theme in Canadian history. GUMICH is based on the premise that students can be drawn into Canadian history and archival research through the enticement of solving historical cold crimes focused on "document-centred inquiry" and "active learning." The mysteries are drawn from all regions and eras in Canadian history and include the major cultural groups. In addition to the main mystery sites there are 30 smaller Mystery Quests which are short, one-lesson, student-oriented lesson plans (for students aged 11-18), with briefing sheets and evaluation materials available for each Mystery. Teachers’ Guides containing a series of detailed lessons, briefing sheets and evaluation materials are available for every Mystery website, and can be downloaded by registering on the site. GUMICH has won a number of honours and has been reviewed and recommended by numerous organizations, journals, and teachers' organizations.

The Historical Thinking Project
The Historical Thinking Project combines the research of historians and educators with the experience and skills of classroom teachers to create practical ways of encouraging, promoting and assessing students’ historical thinking in classroom settings. It defines historical thinking by identifying and defining six key concepts and provides teaching tasks that promote historical thinking through the development of those concepts, and publishes tools to assess students’ ability to demonstrate historical thinking. The website includes descriptions of the six historical thinking concepts, resources to support the teaching of historical thinking in the classroom, and a searchable archive of exemplar lessons submitted by teachers across Canada that accentuate historical thinking.

History Docs
History Docs is a searchable collection of carefully selected sets of primary and secondary source documents for use as information sources about peoples, places, things and events in Canadian history. The sets can be used:
- as information sources, obtained in a critically thoughtful way, about topics in history and social studies;
- as a context for developing critical thinking tools that are particularly useful with historical documents and and also applicable generally.

History of Canada Online
This product of Northern Blue Publishing is an online textbook for Canadian History that is similar to ordinary textbooks in that they have chapters, illustrations, and activities. After paying a subscription fee you can read, browse and search the content online, or offline using a Northern Blue eBook  pdf file, DVD or printout. It also provides large collections of textual and audiovisual resources online, and students and teachers can contribute online to the textbook. Individuals are allowed to preview the entire textbook online and browse the site for personal use.
Holocaust Educator Study Tours
A unique program that brings teachers and teacher candidates to sites of Jewish memory in Berlin and Poland, Holocaust Educator Study Tours are run biennially, dependant on funding. Our specific goal is to enhance their ability of Canadian educators to teach about the Holocaust in a meaningful and in-depth manner. The program is limited to 30 teacher participants and is led by professional Holocaust educators and, where possible, a Holocaust survivor.
In Griffintown - Documentary film
The Learning Guide is a series of questions designed to help educators explore ideas of home, community, oral history and memory and raise awareness of a range of issues that affect communities everywhere, including urban renewal and the preservation of historic buildings.
IQ: A Practical Guide to Inquiry-Based Learning
This professional resource by Jennifer Watt and Jill Colyer provides a clear and practical tool for Grades 7 - 12 teachers. Highly visual and accessible, it explains the inquiry process and offers practical suggestions and tools for successfully implementing inquiry-based learning in the classroom. Case studies and examples in the book are drawn specifically from the social studies. history, geography, and civics disciplines.
Journeys Outreach Kits
National Nikkei Museum & Heritage Centre rents out curriculum-based elementary and secondary teaching kits to enhance the classroom exploration of Japanese Canadian history. These kits are designed to enhance the Internment and Redress teacher guides. Each kit is packed with copies of artifacts, films, a wooden model of an internment house and a comprehensive teaching guide with background and activities.
Labour History Project
The Labour History Project, a joint committee of the Labour Heritage Centre and the BCTF, has been hard at work creating new resource materials for Social Studies teachers. Based on the Knowledge Networks series, "Working People: A History of Labour in British Columbia" a series of lessons has been created to complement each of the 30 vignettes that chronicle the history of labour in the province throughout the 19th and 20th century.

The Learning Centre: Library and Archives Canada
Library and Archives Canada's Learning Centre provides quality educational products and services to teachers and students such as websites, educational tools, and digitized primary sources (printed documents, diaries, maps, illustrations, paintings, manuscripts, and printed and recorded music) from LAC holdings, although the Learning Centre should be considered a work in progress. The For Teachers section includes comprehensive teaching units and strategies, lesson plans, ideas and activities for the classroom, quizzes, games and guides on using primary sources, as well as workshops for professional development that can be searched by title, subject, theme, and grade. There is also a complete list of resources organized by title, subject and grade level. The Toolkit section of the website provides various guides to improve students’ research skills and improve their ability to analyze a variety of different primary sources including oral histories, political cartoons, photographs, maps, and diaries.
Memory After Belsen
“Memory After Belsen” is a feature-length documentary that explores the lives and memories of children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of Holocaust survivors. The film investigates the changes occurring within and the many dimensions of Holocaust memory through the generations. “Memory After Belsen” weaves together a visual tapestry of people whose family histories position them as stewards of Holocaust remembrance.
Montréal, 500 Years of History in Archives
Online archival documents on the history of Montréal grouped according to different themes in chronological order from 1500 to the present. Classroom activities are also available for teachers.
More for the Mind: Histories of Mental Health for the Classroom
Integrating madness into curriculum fosters new understandings of how professional power, socio-economic circumstance, and intolerance of difference served to disempower and stigmatize mental health patients in the past and continue to do so in the present.   At the same time, youth need to realize the potential for finding both community and empowerment through the journey of the mental health patient.
My Project Berlin
My Project Berlin is a cross-curricular approach to learning the lessons of the Cold War. Working with curricula nationwide, the Diefenbunker: Canada’s Cold War Museum has developed a collection of resources for educators across the country to teach about the Cold War.

National Film Board
Free for personal use and on a subscription basis for schools and institutions, users can search online films (documentaries, dramatizations, animations) from the National Film Board site.

National Film Board: Aboriginal Perspectives
A site for high school and upper elementary students and teachers that features National Film Board of Canada documentaries by and about Canada’s Aboriginal peoples.

The Old Stock - A Play of Black Island History
The Black History Theatre Project pursued a multimedia expansion and enhancement of The Old Stock by rewriting and revising its script, with new design in sets, lights and costumes, mounting an Island-wide tour in late 2010. A special version of the play toured in P.E.I. schools. See the link for classroom learning materials that were developed around the play.
Ontario Genealogical Society Family History Lesson Plans Project
The Ontario Genealogical Society is happy to provide elementary and secondary school educators with educational resources for their classrooms through the Family History Lesson Plans Project. With the generous support provided from the Archives of Ontario, each lesson plan includes high quality primary resources for students to work with and learn from. These lesson plans aim to increase awareness and interest of genealogy and family history through student-driven learning. Lesson plans have been designed to include Historical Thinking Concepts, some inclusion of social media activities, and online curation tools to promote family history in a modern, inclusive, and interactive way. These lesson plans are cross-curricular in nature, and aim to increase knowledge and curiosity of social provincial history. Creating learning environments where students can explore the histories and importance of where they live, and how their personal histories contribute to our history making, will ultimately provide students with tools to be empathetic and active historians.Each lesson plan includes a survey link for educators to complete after using the lesson plans provided. Through this feedback we hope to collect important data on how these lessons are used and suggestions to improve the lesson plans.
Parliament of Canada
This site includes a complete history of Parliament since its inception: members, elections, and biographies.
Pointe-à-Callière: Montreal Museum of Archaeology and History
Interactive educational games on the history of Montreal are available. Archaeological and ethnohistorical collections can be accessed online.
The Quebec History Encyclopedia
This site contains many resources on the history of Quebec: chronologies, bibliographies, maps, image banks, and encyclopedia. Texts are in either French or English.
Quebec National Assembly
This site includes a complete history of Parliament since its inception: members, elections, and timelines.
Resources for Teachers
This site provides free teaching resources for elementary and secondary teachers.
Richmond Museum School Programs
Various education programs offered by the Richmond Museum in BC.
Royal BC Museum Learning Portal
The Learning Portal is a dynamic and intuitive website, designed to appeal to the different ways students of all ages choose to  learn, featuring video content, audio recordings, fascinating images and compelling stories and articles. It doesn’t matter if a student is a visual learner, someone who wears headphones 24/7 or a lover of the written word – the Learning Portal offers plenty of ways to connect to BC’s human history and natural history.
Sam Steele: The Journey of a Canadian Hero
This collection provides an amazing educational opportunity for students to visit an historical exhibition in person or online. The website includes excellent pictures of artifacts and digital copies of documents that can be read online by students. Students can test their detective skills at reading 19th-century handwriting against transcribed copies of many of the documents.
Sambiase Books: Canadian Historical Fiction
This website has information about two historical novels, Fire on the Hill and Forging the Weapon. Fire on the Hill is a Canadian historical suspense novel that tells the story of the night of February 3,1916 when a suspicious fire destroyed the Centre Block of the Canadian Parliament buildings. Rich in historical details, the novel follows Inspector Andrew MacNutt of the Dominion Police’s Secret Service as he struggles to secure Canada’s borders against acts of sabotage organized by German military attachés based in New York City. Forging the Weapon, the first in the series, tells a fictional political and military tale of the Canadian Expeditionary Force from July to December 1914.
Saskatchewan Curriculum - Web Pages for Students
J. Giannetta, a retired Grade 2/3 teacher from Regina, SK, and recipient of both The Teacher’s Corner Award and The Educational Site Award, compiled an immense amount of information about Canada into several webpages that cover a wide variety of Canadian topics, including the Arctic, First Nations, Animals, Holidays, and more, including a strong focus on Saskatchewan where Giannetta taught.
Saskatchewan's Archaeology Caravan Curriculum
The Educational Outcomes document links archaeology to the Saskatchewan curriculum. The Archaeology of Saskatchewan gives a concise and useful account of the archaeology of the province as well as possible activities for each class to try. There is also a series of handouts that can be photocopied for classroom use. There is also a Guide to Saskatchewan Archaeology.
Simon Girty: Crossing Over
Simon Girty who fought in the American Revolution is often referred to as a “White Savage” in historical writings since he lived among the Seneca tribe from age 15 to 23 and had difficulty adjusting to white American society when he returned. This documentary film follows the major events in Simon’s life until he settled in Canada. May be used in conjunction with the book of primary sources Textual Evidence of the Life of Simon Girty, American Revolutionary Turncoat by the film's producer.
This UK website has links to videos of teachers and their classes that provide lesson starters and lesson ideas for a variety of topics including Tudor times, British history, chronological understanding, historical enquiry (including how to use archives and museums), personal and local history, and European and World History.
Textual Evidence of the Life of Simon Girty, American Revolutionary Turncoat: An Historian's Guide to the Draper Manuscript Collection of the Wisconsin Historical Society
This volume makes certain materials from the Draper Manuscript Collection of the Wisconsin Historical Society accessible to researchers interested in the life and history of Simon Girty. Girty, a figure maligned as much as praised, served as an interpreter between Americans, British, and Native Americans during the American Revolution, and is remembered by some as a turncoat and by others as a hero. Lyman Draper, founder of the Wisconsin Historical Society in the mid-19th century, was keenly interested in Girty’s life and attempted to show that Simon Girty really was an honorable man. Here presented are annotated reproductions of the Draper manuscripts of interest to Girty scholars and historians of the American Revolution. May be used in conjunction with the DVD Simon Girty: Crossing Over produced by the book's author.

Thinking about History - Videos
Building on the work of Professor Peter Seixas of the University of British Columbia, TC2 has developed several exemplary resources to support teachers and students in using six concepts to go beyond merely learning historical information to thinking deeply about history. The concepts are:

Historical significance: What and who should be remembered, researched and taught?

Evidence and interpretation: Is the evidence credible and adequate to support the conclusions reached?

Continuity and change: How are lives and conditions alike over time and how have they changed?

Cause and consequence: Why did historical events happen the way they did and what are the consequences?

Historical perspective: What does the past look like when viewed through the social, intellectual, emotional and moral lenses of the time?

Ethical judgment: Is what happened right and fair?

Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre
The Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre is a teaching museum and a leader in Holocaust education in British Columbia, reaching over 25,000 students annually. It produces acclaimed exhibits and innovative school programs and teaching materials, including online exhibits. The VHEC maintains a museum collection and archives, a survivor testimony project, as well as a library and resource centre. The For Teachers section of the website provides a rationale for teaching the Holocaust, information about school programs and booking a tour, a description of the online and multimedia teaching resources, and information about outreach speakers and professional development. The Teaching Resources section of the website provides many free downloadable teacher’s guides that have been developed to complement past and current VHEC exhibits including More than Just Games: Canada and the 1936 Olympics Teacher’s Guide. It also has a Holocaust Education Teacher Resource as well as information about booking Discovery Kits and Classroom Book Sets.
Virtual Gramophone: Canadian Historical Sound Recordings
This is a growing multimedia website devoted to Canadian recorded sound from the early 1900s to the 1940s which provides researchers and enthusiasts with a comprehensive look at the 78-rpm era in Canada. It includes a database of images and digital audio recordings, as well as biographies of musicians and histories of music and recorded sound in Canada. The Educational Resources section includes teaching strategies, including learning outcomes and objectives, suggested criteria for assessment, instructions for classroom use, and worksheets.
Virtual Historian
The Virtual HistorianTM is a web-based educational program for teaching Canadian history in both official languages, developed by a scholarly team at the Faculty of Education, the University of Ottawa. Designed with the most advanced technology in computer programming and reality-like imaging, the Virtual HistorianTM places students in the virtual environment of authentic historical investigations of key events and issues in Canadian history.
Voices into Action
Voices into Action meets curriculum requirements for high school courses. These mobile-ready digital resources are available at no cost to students and educators.
  • Comprehensive with a wealth of information, 25 videos and activities for students
  • Examines social justice issues on gender, Aboriginal rights, homophobia, rights of people with disabilities, the Holocaust and other genocides, the Black experience, immigration policies, cyber bullying and more!
  • Developed by a team of 20 curriculum experts at OISE-UT
  • Bilingual (each page toggles to French)

Educators may register at no charge to access teaching tools with:

  • One page summaries of each chapter/ lesson plans
  • Customized handouts to e-send to students
  • Rubrics, assessments and critical learning strategies
  • Curriculum links to many high school courses such as social sciences, history, religion, language arts and more.
Writing and Reading about Teaching and Learning
This site is made available to publish various projects emerging from research, teaching, and learning at the University of New Brunswick in the Faculty of Education. The content is drawn from much that is in the margins of education. It is made here central. Presently featured here are three projects developed in association with teacher candidates:
  • ‘A Century of Science Education in New Brunswick’ has peer-reviewed research projects on the history of science education in this province.
  • ‘Byzantium and Education’ has peer-reviewed social studies research projects on Byzantium.
  • ‘Worldviews and Education Podcast’ has research projects on various worldviews--cultural, philosophical, and contexutal--and their relation to contemporary education.