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Annales Canadiennes D'Histoire Vol. 50 No. 2

This issue contains:

She was "a comon night walker abusing him & being of ill behaviour": Violence and Prostitution in Eighteenth-Century London
Jessica Steinberg
This article examines the representation of violence committed by and against prostitutes in eighteenth-century London. To explore attitudes toward prostitutes' assaults and victimization, it examines how the Bridewell Court of Governors records and the Proceedings of the Old Bailey portrayed incidents in which prostitutes were involved in violent or aggressive confrontations; it also examines texts written by popular commentators, moralists, and contributors to the newspaper press. Although prostitutes were depicted as both agents and targets of violence, incidents in which prostitutes physically assaulted or verbally insulted potential male clients generated far more discussion than reports about prostitutes who were the victims of violent crimes. The greater emphasis on prostitutes' proclivity to violence suggests that policing authorities, journalists, and social commentators portrayed prostitutes as a threat to the peace and stability of the nation, rather than as pitiable victims. Read this Article >> 

William Beveridge in New Zealand: Social Security and World Security 
John Stewart 
In 1948 William Beveridge, one of the architects of Britain's welfare state, visited New Zealand and gave public addresses focused in particular on two themes: social security and world security. In the former, Beveridge outlined his welfare philosophy which he used to critique the New Zealand Labour government's policies. In the latter, Beveridge proposed the re-ordering of world affairs to ensure no further wars and to resist Soviet totalitarianism. For Beveridge, social security and world security were indissolubly linked: it was pointless having the former unless the latter could be guaranteed, and moreover, it was liberal societies of the type he proposed that were best equipped to promote harmonious international relations. In all of his speeches, Beveridge emphasized New Zealand's essentially British nature. Both countries were members of the same "family" and so had common cause as well as a shared history in social and world affairs. Read this Article >> 
Costa Rica and the Cold War, 1948-1990
Graeme S. Mount
The Cold War affected countries throughout the Americas, including Costa Rica, which was important because of its strategic location between the Panama Canal and Nicaragua. This article examines the major Cold War events that affected Costa Rica from 1948, the year when Costa Rica's Second Republic was born, until 1990, when Nicaragua's Sandinista government lost a presidential election and its East German ally disappeared. It argues, first, that both the United States and the Soviet Union actively involved Costa Rica in their Cold War pursuits; second, that relations with neighbouring Nicaragua were the single most important determinant of Costa Rica's Cold War policies; and third, that despite US pressure, Costa Rica managed to maintain considerable autonomy. Read this Article >>   


Review Articles:

Recent Work on the History and Culture of Religion and Dress

Linda Arthur Bradley, Torsten Homberger