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Canadian Historical Review Volume 95, Number 2 /2014

Carrie MacMillan

Now available at the Canadian Historical Review Online…

Canadian Historical Review

Volume 95, Number 2 /2014

This Issue Contains...

A Manly Art: Plowing, Plowing Matches, and Rural Masculinity in Ontario, 1800-1930

Catharine Anne Wilson

This article draws on recent studies of masculinity, labour and recreation to consider rural men. More Canadian men worked in farming than any other single occupation and yet we know little about their sense of masculine identity. This article examines the processes of fashioning, practising and perform ing masculinity associated with the archetypal farming skill passed down from father to son - plowing. In the early 1800s improving farmers created the plowing match, an educational and sporting event. The author analyzes media representations of the match, reporters' rhetoric, visual images and interviews with plowmen and spectators. She argues that their depictions and discussions of plowing at home and at the match shed light on their masculine ideals, ideals that were challenged with the introduction of the tractor. Rural men continued to value a rugged individualism and mastery over nature, but the value of being a skilled horseman, stoic toiler, and muscled man gave way to new masculine ideals based on speed, comfort, and expertise with machines. In the process farmers helped reposition the countryside in the shifting cultural hierarchy and moved in parallel with other Canadian men who were refashioning concepts of manliness, skill, fatherhood and recreation in the new indu strial age. D.O.I 10.3138/chr.1918

"Each year the Indians flexed their muscles a little more": The Maliseet Defence of Aboriginal Fishing Rights on the St. John River, 1945-1990

James Kenny and Bill Parenteau

As in the rest of Canada in the postwar period, Aboriginal resistance to state fishing regulations in New Brunswick intensified. This article explores the conflict between Maliseet, commercial and sports fishers, and the state on the Kingsclear Reserve on the St. John River between 1945 and 1990. While the province's Aboriginal population had long asserted their fishing rights on the basis of eighteenth-century treaties, the modern struggle reflected the new challenges of the modernization era when water pollution, over-fishing by an industrial offshore fishery, and construction of hydroelectric dams reduced the river's Atlantic salmon population. Encouraged by an influential angling lobby, state authorities attempted to restrict Aboriginal fishing, especially at Kingsclear, located at the foot of the Mactaquac dam. As they had in the past, the Maliseet resisted enforcement of fisheries regulations, but a new generation of leaders, working closely with other Canadian Aboriginal organizations, also challenged the state in the courts and media. Faced with growing opposition both locally and nationally, and a judiciary increasingly sensitive to Aboriginal issues, federal enforce ment declined, setting the stage for a negotiated settlement with the province. This study also shows that Maritime First Nations were active participants in the national wave of Aboriginal resistance and militancy during the 1970s and 1980s. D.O.I 10.3138/chr.2312

The Creation of Radicalism: Anti-Nuclear Activism in Nova Scotia, c. 1972-1979

Mark Leeming

An attempt to build the world's largest nuclear power plant on a tiny island off the south shore of Nova Scotia in the early 1970s sparked an anti-nuclear movement that was able, by the end of the decade, to force the provincial government to abandon plans for a united regional electric utility. The provincial movement shared in the creation of national, continental, and even global campaigns against nuclear technology but was fractious within itself. Bringing together peace activists, feminists, counterculture back-to-the-landers, along with classic conservationists, engineers, and fishers' advocates, the anti-nuclear coalition faced inevitable internal disagreement. By the late 1970s, different approaches to government and industry - as partners or as adversaries - had produced a nascent environmental mainstream, and by extension a radical fringe, from activist groups and networks that had achieved success by working together in prior years. The anti-nuclear controversy of the 1970s was key to the shape of the environmental mo vement in decades to follow. D.O.I 10.3138/chr.1945


A Life in History / La vie d'historien/ne

From There to Here: The Making of a Feminist Historian

Veronica Strong-Boag

"From There to Here" traces a life in which family, politics, and the disciplines of history and women's studies created a feminist scholar. Gender, class, and race, with all their privileges and disabilit ies, always left their mark. Inspiration came with shared communities and hopes for a better world.  D.O.I 10.3138/chr.95104


Misao Dean, Inheriting a Canoe Paddle: The Canoe in Discourses of English-Canadian Nationalism, reviewed by Jocelyn Thorpe

Bruce Erickson, Canoe Nation: Nature, Race, and the Making of a Canadian Icon, reviewed by Jocelyn Thorpe

Yves Frenette, Étienne Rivard, and Marc St-Hilaire, eds., La Francophonie nord-américaine. Atlas historique du Québec, reviewed by Yukari Takai

Dirk Hoerder and Nora Faires, eds., Migrants and Migration in Modern North America: Cross-Border Lives, Labor Markets, and Politics, reviewed by Yves Frenette

Caroline Desbiens, Power from the North: Territory, Identity, and the Culture of Hydroelectricity in Quebec, reviewed by Neil S. Forkey

Oiva W. Saarinen, From Meteorite Impact to Constellation City: A Historical Geography of Greater Sudbury, reviewed by Krista McCracken

Adele Perry, Esyllt W. Jones, and Leah Morton, eds., Place and Replace: Essays on Western Canada, reviewed by Lyle Dick

James Daschuk, Clearing the Plains: Disease, Politics of Starvation, and the Loss of Aboriginal Life, reviewed by Hugh Shewell

J.I. Little, Patrician Liberal: The Public and Private Life of Sir Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, 1829–1908, reviewed by Michael S. Cross

Robert M. Mennel, Testimonies and Secrets: The Story of a Nova Scotia Fam ily, 1844–1977, reviewed by Gerald Hallowell

Honoré-Édouard Légaré. Michel Litalien, ed., Ce que j'ai vu … Ce que j'ai vécu, 1914–1916, reviewed by Mourad Djebabla

Georges-Ulric Francoeur. Michel Litalien, ed., Mon journal. France-Belgique, 1915–1916, reviewed by Mourad Djebabla

Michel Litalien, ed., Écrire sa guerre. Témoignage de soldats canadiens-français, 1914–1919, reviewed by Mourad Djebabla

Don Nerbas, Dominion of Capital: The Politics of Big Business and the Crisis of the Canadian Bourgeoisie, 1914–1947, reviewed by Andrew Smith

Ronald Liversedge. David Yorke, ed., Mac-Pap: Memoir of a Canadian in the Spanish Civil War, reviewed by Mark Zuehlke

Charlotte MacDonald, Strong, Beautiful, and Modern: National Fitness in Britain, New Zealand, Australia and Canada, 1935–1960, reviewed by Jane Nicholas

Karen L. Wall, Game Plan: A Social History of S port in Alberta, reviewed by Colin Howell

Graham Broad, A Small Price to Pay: Consumer Culture on the Canadian Home Front, 1939–45, reviewed by Jeff Keshen

P. Whitney Lackenbauer, The Canadian Rangers: A Living History, reviewed by Janice Cavell

Edward Shorter, Partnership for Excellence: Medicine at the University of Toronto and Academic Hospitals, reviewed by Elsbeth Heaman

Gerald Tulchinsky, Joe Salsberg: A Life of Commitment, reviewed by Carmela Patrias

Kevin N. Flatt, After Evangelicalism: The Sixties and the United Church of Canada, reviewed by Bruce Douville

David Austin, Fear of a Black Nation: Race, Sex, and Security in Sixties Montreal, reviewed by Jean-Philippe Warren

Recent Publications Relating to Canada

Brian Gettler